Public Sector Governance, Policy and Administration notes

Public Sector Governance, Policy and Administration notes

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Topics covered


  1. Administrative theory

1.1 Historical and theoretical perspectives of public administration;

1.2 Concepts and principles of public administration;

1.3 Administrative processes;

1.4 Overview and the Role of Judicial Review

1.5 Primary features of administrative systems;

1.6 Authority, power and influence;

1.7 Relationship between public administration and politics; and

1.8 Public administration challenges in the public sector.

  1. Government organization, functions and practices

2.1 Concepts, principles and levels of government;

2.3 Constitutional and legal framework for devolution;

2.4 Separation of powers/checks and balances through the arms of government;

2.5 Structure and Functions of Government – national and county;

2.6 Interface between the National and county governments;

2.7 Statutory provisions for conflict resolution;

2.8 Role and responsibility of Certified Secretaries and Governance Auditors in management of government; and

2.9 Management of the political environment.

  1. Theories and models of public policy

3.1  Historical and theoretical perspective of public policy;

3.2  Concepts and principles of public policy;

3.3  Public policy formulation processes (agenda setting, actors and roles);

3.4 Policy design formulation, implementation, monitoring and evaluation;

3.5 Public participation in the policy process; and

3.6 Benefits of public policy in national development.

  1. Public policy and national development

4.1 Classical and neoclassical models of development;

4.2 The role of the State in development;

4.3 The political economy of development;

4.4 Linkage of public administration and public policy;

4.5 Linkage between national and county development plans;

4.6 National and county plans and policies;

4.7 Stakeholder’s involvement in development planning;

4.8 Characteristics of effective plans and policies; and

4.9 Challenges of public policy formulation and implementation

  1. Public policy analysis

5.1 Concept and rationale for public policy analysis;

5.2 Diagnosing and defining the problem (data collection and analysis)

5.3 Tools of public policy analysis;

5.4 Policy analysis models;

5.6 Policy implementation, monitoring and evaluation;

5.7 Stakeholders analysis (mapping the political and ideological contexts); and

5.8 Research in public policy.

  1. Citizen participation and development planning

6.1 The concepts of civic education and public participation;

6.2 Rationale for public participation;

6.3 Legal framework for public participation: Constitution and legislative provisions

6.4 Principles of public participation;

6.5 Establishment of modalities and platforms of citizen participation;

6.6 Strategies for optimizing stakeholder engagement;

6.7 Benefits of public participation in government decision making; and

6.8 Challenges of public participation.

  1. Public sector governance

7.1 Leadership, integrity and national values in public service;

7.2 Principles of Corporate Governance;

7.3 Governance Models;

7.4 Approaches to corporate governance;

7.5 Corporate relationships in the government;

7.6 Values based leadership;

7.7 Professional codes and standards of governance;

7.8 Framework for enforcement of ethics and integrity in public sector; and

7.9 Strategies for handling ethical and integrity challenges

  1. Resource Stewardship

8.1 Legal and institutional framework in resource management; (Public Finance Management Act)

8.2 Resource mobilisation (revenue and debt);

8.3 Public sector planning and budgeting, budgetary process and budgetary expenditure control;

8.4 Resource utilisation for delivery of goods and services (Public Procurement and Asset Disposal Act)

8.5 Reports and accounts for funds, outputs and results; and

8.6 External audit for oversight/ external accountability (Public Audit Act)

  1. Management of public enterprises

9.1 Theoretical foundations of public enterprises;

9.2 State-market debate;

9.3 Typology of public enterprises;

9.4 Organisation and governance structure;

9.5 Regulatory and legal framework of public enterprises;

9.6 Public investment appraisal;

9.7 Relationship between government agencies and private firms in the market place;

9.8 Performance of public enterprises across sectors and countries;

9.9 Reform of public enterprises including privatisation/divestiture;

9.10 Public Private Partnerships

  1. Case studies in public sector governance, policy and administration

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